Geography » Urban Issues and challenges

Urban Issues & Challenges


Key Words

Urbanisation - the growth of people in urban areas.

High Income Countries (HICs) - more eceonomically developed countries such as UK, Japan & Germany.

Low Income Countries (LICs) - less economically developed countries such as Ethiopia, Nepal & Afghanistan.

Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs) - countries where economic development is increasing rapidly such as Brazil, China, Russia & India.

Megacity - a city with a population of over 10 million people.

Rural-urban migration - movement of people from countryside to cities.

Central Business District (CBD) - middle of town or city, usually surrounded by a ring road.

Inner City - mix of residential, business and recreational parks.

Suburbs - maily residential areas.

Rural-urban fringe - located on the edge of the city. Contails retail & business parks, new housing developments.

Regeneration - the improvement of an area.

Sustainable living - living in a way that makes things last for the future.

Traffic congestion - when there is more vehicles on the road than the road can cope with. This causes congestion.

Traffic flow - the movement of traffic.