Urban Issues & Challenges
Urbanisation - the growth of people in urban areas.
High Income Countries (HICs) - more eceonomically developed countries such as UK, Japan & Germany.
Low Income Countries (LICs) - less economically developed countries such as Ethiopia, Nepal & Afghanistan.
Newly Emerging Economies (NEEs) - countries where economic development is increasing rapidly such as Brazil, China, Russia & India.
Megacity - a city with a population of over 10 million people.
Rural-urban migration - movement of people from countryside to cities.
Central Business District (CBD) - middle of town or city, usually surrounded by a ring road.
Inner City - mix of residential, business and recreational parks.
Suburbs - maily residential areas.
Rural-urban fringe - located on the edge of the city. Contails retail & business parks, new housing developments.
Regeneration - the improvement of an area.
Sustainable living - living in a way that makes things last for the future.
Traffic congestion - when there is more vehicles on the road than the road can cope with. This causes congestion.
Traffic flow - the movement of traffic.