Beliefs, Teachings and Practices

Christianity & Catholic Christianity

Beliefs, Teachings and Practices

Key Words

The Bible – a Christian sacred text.

Old Testament – 39 books of the Bible including the Creation and Ten Commandments.

New Testament – 27 books of the Bible including the Gospels and Jesus’s life.

Denominations – different branches of Christianity. Including:

  • Roman Catholics – follow the Bible, Church tradition and the Pope.
  • Protestants – follow the Bible.
  • Orthodox Christians – found in Eastern Europe, Russia & Greece. They don’t worship icons (pictures of Saints).

Monotheistic religion – follow only one God.

The Trinity – the idea that God exists in three persons, The Father, the son (Jesus) and the Holy Spirit.

Nicene Creed – a statement of beliefs developed at the Council of Constantinople.

Incarnation – the act by which God became a human being as Jesus Christ.

Crucifixion -  Jesus was nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until he died.

Resurrection - being brought back to life after death.

Ascension – Jesus going to heaven.

Salvation – when the soul is saved from death and sin so it can reach heaven.

Sacraments – a ceremony where you receive God’s grace. Seven sacraments are:

  • Baptism – marks a person’s entry into the Church.
  • Confirmation – renewing of vows made on their behalf at baptism.
  • Reconciliation – a confession of a sin.
  • Anointing the sick – a priest or bishop anoints a seriously unwell person with the oil of the sick.
  • Matrimony – couples are joined together in marriage.
  • Holy orders – men are ordained as deacons, priests or bishops.
  • Eucharist – (Mass) joins people together in their faith.

Pilgrimages – people visit significant holy places to seek healing or forgiveness, to connect to God or deepen faith.

Christmas – celebration of Jesus’s Birth.

Easter – celebration of Jesus’s Resurrection.

Evangelism – spreading the Christian message with the aim of converting people.


Links for Learning

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Bitesize: The Nature of God & Jesus
Bitesize: Key beliefs
Bitesize: Practices

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