Christianity & Catholic Christianity
Beliefs, Teachings and Practices
The Bible - a Christian sacred text.
Old Testament - 39 books of the Bible including the Creation and Ten Commandments.
New Testament - 27 books of the Bible including the Gospels and Jesus's life.
Denominations - different branches of Christianity. Including:
- Roman Catholics - follow the Bible, Church tradition and the Pope.
- Protestants - follow the Bible.
- Orthodox Christians - found in Eastern Europe, Russia & Greece. They don't worship icons (pictures of Saints).
Monotheistic religion - follow only one God.
The Trinity - the idea that God exists in three persons, The Father, the son (Jesus) and the Holy Spirit.
Nicene Creed - a statement of beliefs developed at the Council of Constantinople.
Incarnation - the act by which God became a human being as Jesus Christ.
Crucifixion - Jesus was nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until he died.
Resurrection - being brought back to life after death.
Ascension - Jesus going to heaven.
Salvation - when the soul is saved from death and sin so it can reach heaven.
Sacraments - a ceremony where you receive God's grace. Seven sacraments are:
- Baptism - marks a person's entry into the Church.
- Confirmation - renewing of vows made on their behalf at baptism.
- Reconciliation - a confession of a sin.
- Anointing the sick - a priest or bishop anoints a seriously unwell person with the oil of the sick.
- Matrimony - couples are joined together in marriage.
- Holy orders - men are ordained as deacons, priests or bishops.
- Eucharist - (Mass) joins people together in their faith.
Pilgrimages - people visit significant holy places to seek healing or forgiveness, to connect to God or deepen faith.
Christmas - celebration of Jesus's Birth.
Easter - celebration of Jesus's Resurrection.
Evangelism - spreading the Christian message with the aim of converting people.